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Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) has been identified as a key cardioprotective signal not only in animal studies but also in humans-in animals, STAT3 is causally involved in cardioprotection. In response to late ischemic conditioning, canonical function of STAT3 activation upregulates the expression of cardioprotective and anti-apoptotic proteins. In its non-canonical function, STAT3 is activated during ischemic conditioning and is part of the cardioprotective cytosolic survival activating factor enhancement pathway. Activated STAT3 is imported and localized to the mitochondria. Mitochondrial STAT3 stimulates the activity of mitochondrial electron transport chain complex I, reduces mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production and mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening. Finally, two novel aspects of STAT activation in cardioprotection are discussed: a genetic variance of the STAT encoding region as a potential primordial confounding variable for cardioprotection, and the cardioprotective potential of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors through STAT3 activation. © 2023. Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


Petra Kleinbongard. Perspective: mitochondrial STAT3 in cardioprotection. Basic research in cardiology. 2023 Aug 24;118(1):32

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PMID: 37620559

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