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    Short Root Defects defined by a reduced ratio of root to crown, may culminate in root resorption and subsequent tooth loss, in spite of the absence of apparent symptoms. Such defects present considerable impediments to orthodontic treatment and restoration. Recent identification of Fam20a, an emergent pseudokinase, has been associated with enamel development and tooth eruption, yet its definitive role in root formation and eruption remains ambiguous. In this research, we initially ascertained that the targeted knockout of Fam20a within the epithelium led to truncated tooth roots, irregular breaks in the epithelial root sheath initiation of the WNT signaling pathway, and decreased expression of the cell polarity-related transcription factor Cdc42 in murine models. This was concomitant with the participation of the associated epithelial root sheath developmental pathways BMP2, Gli1, and Nfic. Furthermore, we observed that Fam20a predominantly affects the intraosseous eruption phase of tooth emergence. During this phase, the osteoclast peak around the mandibular first molar in cKO mice is delayed, leading to a slower formation of the eruption pathway, ultimately resulting in delayed tooth eruption in mice. The findings of this study enrich the extant knowledge regarding the role of Fam20a, suggesting its potential regulatory function in tooth root development through the WNT/β-catenin/Cdc42 pathway. Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Lixue Liu, Lihong Yao, Zeyu Lu, Lili Jiang, Xiaohan Zhang, Xinpeng Liu, Wenxuan Zhang, Xinrui Luan, Shujian Zhang, Wenxia Xu, Tuo Wang, Fangping Zhang, Xuancheng Wei, Junlong Da, Jianqun Wang, Jiahui Zhang, Ying Li, Han Jin, Bin Zhang. Epithelial-specific deletion of FAM20A leads to short root defects. Gene. 2023 Oct 30;884:147731

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    PMID: 37625561

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