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    The objective of the study is to describe and analyze the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of oteseconazole as well as the clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of oteseconazole in treating recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC). A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases (2015-June 2023). Search terms included "oteseconazole" OR "VT-1161" or "VIVJOA" AND "RVVC" or "recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis" or "vulvovaginal candidiasis." Conference abstracts, bibliographies, clinical trials, and drug monographs were included for review. Relevant studies in English and clinical trials conducted in humans were reviewed. Oteseconazole is approved for the treatment of RVVC. In 2 identical phase III studies, oteseconazole was superior to placebo through 48 weeks for preventing recurrence of RVVC (6.7% vs 42.8%, P < 0.001 and 3.9% vs 39.4%, P < 0.001). In the only phase III trial comparing oteseconazole against active drug, oteseconazole was well tolerated and exhibited noninferiority to fluconazole in acute treatment and superiority to placebo for prevention maintenance through 50 weeks (5.1% vs 42.2%, P < 0.001). This review describes the use of oteseconazole for the treatment of RVVC as compared with fluconazole. Oteseconazole is an effective treatment option for common pathogens causing vulvovaginal candidiasis, including Candida and fluconazole-resistant Candida. Oteseconazole is an effective and safe treatment option for the management of RVVC though current research lacks comparison with established maintenance regimens. Additional research is needed to ascertain the placement of oteseconazole in the treatment of RVVC.

    Citation

    Cameron Lanier, Tyler C Melton. Oteseconazole for the Treatment of Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis: A Drug Review. The Annals of pharmacotherapy. 2024 Jun;58(6):636-644

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    PMID: 37650387

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