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    Deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) models have been widely used to diagnose skin lesions, and some of them have achieved diagnostic results comparable to or even better than dermatologists. Most publicly available skin lesion datasets used to train DCNN were dermoscopic images. Expensive dermoscopic equipment is rarely available in rural clinics or small hospitals in remote areas. Therefore, it is of great significance to rely on clinical images for computer-aided diagnosis of skin lesions. This paper proposes an improved dual-branch fusion network called CR-Conformer. It integrates a DCNN branch that can effectively extract local features and a Transformer branch that can extract global features to capture more valuable features in clinical skin lesion images. In addition, we improved the DCNN branch to extract enhanced features in four directions through the convolutional rotation operation, further improving the classification performance of clinical skin lesion images. To verify the effectiveness of our proposed method, we conducted comprehensive tests on a private dataset named XJUSL, which contains ten types of clinical skin lesions. The test results indicate that our proposed method reduced the number of parameters by 11.17 M and improved the accuracy of clinical skin lesion image classification by 1.08%. It has the potential to realize automatic diagnosis of skin lesions in mobile devices. © 2023. International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering.


    Dezhi Zhang, Aolun Li, Weidong Wu, Long Yu, Xiaojing Kang, Xiangzuo Huo. CR-Conformer: a fusion network for clinical skin lesion classification. Medical & biological engineering & computing. 2023 Sep 01

    PMID: 37653185

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