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In September 2022, the proportion of clinically false positive results with high index values for the galactomannan (GM) assay increased dramatically in our hospital and remained high until November 2022. We aimed to identify the possible causative agent that led to the dramatic increase in false positivity in GM assay. A case-control-control study was conducted, and patients admitted to two intensive care units between September and November 2022 were included. We defined each time point at which the GM assay was conducted in a patient as an episode and classified episodes into strong-positive (≥10.0 index; case), positive (control), and negative (<0.5 index; control) groups. We compared the medications administered in three groups and measured GM levels in relevant medications, including parenteral nutrition (PN). In total, 118 episodes in 33 patients were classified into three groups. There were 46 negative, 23 positive, and 49 strong-positive episodes, and there was a significant difference in the use of Winuf® PNs (P < .001) between the three groups. Forty episodes (82%) in the strong-positive group received Winuf®, compared with three (6.5%) in the negative group and one (4.3%) in the positive group (P < .001). All samples of Winuf® PNs used in the five patients whose GM results were repeatedly strong-positive were strongly positive for GM. False positivity in GM assay can be caused by the administration of specific PNs. A thorough investigation of prescribed medications should be considered when there is an abrupt increase in the proportion of strong-positive or positive GM results. © The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology.


Euijin Chang, Sung-Woon Kang, Jin-Won Huh, Mi-Na Kim, Seongman Bae, Jiwon Jung, Min Jae Kim, Sung-Han Kim, Sang-Ho Choi, Sang-Oh Lee, Yang Soo Kim, Heungsup Sung, Yong Pil Chong. False positive Aspergillus galactomannan assay results caused by specific parenteral nutrition. Medical mycology. 2023 Sep 04;61(9)

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PMID: 37656877

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