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This study aimed to explore the prenatal indicators in the second trimester of pregnancy and their association with chromosome abnormities (CA) to guide decisions toward invasive diagnostic procedures. Pregnant women who underwent prenatal screening and underwent amniocentesis in the second trimester in our Hospital between June 2017 and February 2019 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The reason for amniocentesis in prenatal screening and diagnoses was extracted from the charts. Finally, 3449 pregnant women were included. Of them, 181 were with CA confirmed by amniocentesis (i.e., the CA group), while 3268 were without CA (i.e., the non-CA group). Compared with the women in the non-CA group, those in the CA group were more likely to be older (30 [27,32] vs 29 [26,31], P < .001), had higher gestational weeks (20 [19,23] vs 19 [18,23], P = .008), an increased risk of advanced maternal age (AMA) (9.4% vs 2.2%, P < .001), had an increased risk of NIPT (IRN) (5.1% vs 1.9%, P < .001), had higher rates of a parental chromosome abnormality (PCA) (1.8% vs 0.9%, P = .002), and had increased risk of trisomy 21 (IRT21) (63.0% vs 45.3%, P < .001). AMA (OR = 4.22, 95% CI: 2.35-7.58, P < .001; AUC = 0.536), IRN (OR = 10.62, 95% CI: 6.66-16.94, P < .001; AUC = 0.589), PCA (OR = 4.77, 95% CI: 2.01-11.32, P < .001; AUC = 0.584), and IRT21 (OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.47-0.89, P = .008; AUC = 0.515) were independently associated with CA. AMA, IRN, IRT21, and PCA during the second trimester were independently associated with CA, but their predictive values for CA were relatively low. Combining those indicators may improve the predictive value. Copyright © 2023 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Ci Pan, Zilong Li, Guomei Cheng, Xiaohua Luo, Fufang Nie, Jing Gao, Peifeng Yang. Association between chromosome abnormities and prenatal diagnosis indicators screening in the second trimester of pregnancy. Medicine. 2023 Sep 01;102(35):e34762

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PMID: 37657051

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