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    The polyA tail of mRNAs is important for many aspects of RNA metabolism. However, whether and how it regulates pre-mRNA splicing is still unknown. Here, we report that the polyA tail acts as a splicing enhancer for the last intron via the nuclear polyA binding protein PABPN1 in HeLa cells. PABPN1-depletion induces the retention of a group of introns with a weaker 3' splice site, and they show a strong 3'-end bias and mainly locate in nuclear speckles. The polyA tail is essential for PABPN1-enhanced last intron splicing and functions in a length-dependent manner. Tethering PABPN1 to nonpolyadenylated transcripts also promotes splicing, suggesting a direct role for PABPN1 in splicing regulation. Using TurboID-MS, we construct the PABPN1 interactome, including many spliceosomal and RNA-binding proteins. Specifically, PABPN1 can recruit RBM26&27 to promote splicing by interacting with the coiled-coil and RRM domain of RBM27. PABPN1-regulated terminal intron splicing is conserved in mice. Together, our study establishes a novel mode of post-transcriptional splicing regulation via the polyA tail and PABPN1. © 2023 The Authors.


    Li Huang, Guangnan Li, Chen Du, Yu Jia, Jiayi Yang, Weiliang Fan, Yong-Zhen Xu, Hong Cheng, Yu Zhou. The polyA tail facilitates splicing of last introns with weak 3' splice sites via PABPN1. EMBO reports. 2023 Sep 04:e57128

    PMID: 37661812

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