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    Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) often causes serious complications in liver surgeries, including transplantation. Complement activation seems to be involved in hepatic IRI; however, no complement-targeted intervention has been clinically applied. We investigated the therapeutic potential of Properdin-targeted complement regulation in hepatic IRI. Male wild-type mice (B10D2/nSn) were exposed to 90-minute partial hepatic IRI to the left and median lobes with either monoclonal anti-Properdin-antibody (Ab) or control-immunoglobulin (IgG) administration. Since the complement system is closely involved in liver regeneration, the influence of anti-Properdin-Ab on liver regeneration was also evaluated in a mouse model of 70% partial hepatectomy. Anti-Properdin-Ab significantly reduced serum transaminases and histopathological damages at 2 and 6 hours after reperfusion (P <0.001, respectively). These improvements at 2 hours was accompanied by significant reductions in CD41+ platelet aggregation (P =0.010) and ssDNA+ cells (P <0.001), indicating significant amelioration in hepatic microcirculation and apoptosis, respectively. Characteristically, F4/80+ cells representing macrophages, mainly Kupffer cells, were maintained by anti-Properdin-Ab (P <0.001). Western blot showed decreased phosphorylation of only Erk1/2 among MAPKs (P =0.004). After 6 hours of reperfusion, anti-Properdin-Ab significantly attenuated the release of HMGB-1, which provokes the release of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines (P =0.002). Infiltration of CD11b+ and Ly6-G+ cells, representing infiltrating macrophages and neutrophils, respectively, were significantly alleviated by anti-Properdin-Ab (both P <0.001). Notably, anti-Properdin-Ab did not affect remnant liver weight and BrdU+ cells at 48 hours after 70% partial hepatectomy (P =0.13 and 0.31, respectively). In conclusion, Properdin inhibition significantly ameliorates hepatic IRI without interfering with liver regeneration. Copyright © 2023 Kusakabe, Hata, Tajima, Miyauchi, Zhao, Kageyama, Tsuruyama and Hatano.


    Jiro Kusakabe, Koichiro Hata, Tetsuya Tajima, Hidetaka Miyauchi, Xiangdong Zhao, Shoichi Kageyama, Tatsuaki Tsuruyama, Etsuro Hatano. Properdin inhibition ameliorates hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury without interfering with liver regeneration in mice. Frontiers in immunology. 2023;14:1174243

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    PMID: 37662914

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