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    Cycling stability and safety are two of the main challenges facing lithium metal batteries with metallic lithium as anodes. Quasi-solid-state lithium metal batteries based on gel polymer electrolytes are one of the important development directions for lithium metal batteries addressing those challenges. Herein, we prepare lithiated phosphoryl cellulose nanocrystals (PCNC-Li) as a modification material for poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) gel polymer electrolyte to improve cycling stability and safety of quasi-solid-state lithium metal batteries. The synthesized PCNC-Li tends to form a uniform network structure on the surface of the PVDF membrane, in which the phosphoryl groups grafted regularly on celluloses can regulate the transport of lithium ions. As a result, a more uniform ion flux and more stable lithium anode interface support an obviously improved cycling stability for lithium metal batteries. Moreover, the introduction of the PCNC-Li coating layer makes the modified PVDF membranes have a better thermal stability and an enhanced mechanical strength, which is beneficial for improvement of safety of lithium metal batteries. This work provides a new alternative to fabricating a better composite gel polymer electrolyte for lithium metal batteries.


    Baichuan Cui, Zhenxue Xiao, Shaolun Cui, Shuai Hao, Sheng Liu, Xueping Gao, Guoran Li. Lithiated Phosphoryl Cellulose Nanocrystals Enhance Cycling Stability and Safety of Quasi-Solid-State Lithium Metal Batteries. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2023 Sep 06;15(35):41537-41548

    PMID: 37671463

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