Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Although most globular proteins fold into a single stable structure, an increasing number have been shown to remodel their secondary and tertiary structures in response to cellular stimuli. State-of-the-art algorithms predict that these fold-switching proteins adopt only one stable structure, missing their functionally critical alternative folds. Why these algorithms predict a single fold is unclear, but all of them infer protein structure from coevolved amino acid pairs. Here, we hypothesize that coevolutionary signatures are being missed. Suspecting that single-fold variants could be masking these signatures, we developed an approach, called Alternative Contact Enhancement (ACE), to search both highly diverse protein superfamilies-composed of single-fold and fold-switching variants-and protein subfamilies with more fold-switching variants. ACE successfully revealed coevolution of amino acid pairs uniquely corresponding to both conformations of 56/56 fold-switching proteins from distinct families. Then, we used ACE-derived contacts to (1) predict two experimentally consistent conformations of a candidate protein with unsolved structure and (2) develop a blind prediction pipeline for fold-switching proteins. The discovery of widespread dual-fold coevolution indicates that fold-switching sequences have been preserved by natural selection, implying that their functionalities provide evolutionary advantage and paving the way for predictions of diverse protein structures from single sequences. © 2023. Springer Nature Limited.


Joseph W Schafer, Lauren L Porter. Evolutionary selection of proteins with two folds. Nature communications. 2023 Sep 06;14(1):5478

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 37673981

View Full Text