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Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors in the digestive tract and originate from the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), which is the pacemaker for peristaltic movement in the gastrointestinal tract. Existing GIST cell lines are widely used as cell models for in vitro experimental studies because the mutation sites are known. However, the immortalization methods of these cell lines are unknown, and no Chinese patient-derived GIST cell lines have been documented. Here, we transfected simian virus 40 large T antigen (SV40LT) into primary GIST cells to establish an immortalized human GIST cell line (ImGIST) for the first time. The ImGIST cells had neuronal cell-like irregular radioactive growth and retained the fusion growth characteristics of GIST cells. They stably expressed signature proteins, maintained the biological and genomic characteristics of normal primary GIST cells, and responded well to imatinib, suggesting that ImGIST could be a potential in vitro model for research in GIST to explore the molecular pathogenesis, drug resistance mechanisms, and the development of new adjuvant therapeutic options.


Xiangchen Hu, Peng Su, Bo Liu, Jingwei Guo, Zitong Wang, Cai He, Zhe Wang, Youwei Kou. Characterization of a Human Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Cell Line Established by SV40LT-Mediated Immortalization. International journal of molecular sciences. 2023 Sep 04;24(17)

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PMID: 37686448

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