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    Developing safe and effective wound dressings that address the complexities of wound healing is an ongoing goal in biomaterials research. Inspired by the shield used to protect lac insects, we have designed and developed a type of bioactive shellac-based wound dressing in this paper. The dressing exhibited a high adhesion energy of 146.6 J·m-2 in porcine skin and showed a reversible binding due to its pH sensitivity. Meanwhile, a novel "shellac-like" compound, n-octacosanol gallate ester, has been synthesized and added to the dressing to improve its antibacterial and blood coagulation properties. The novel shellac-based dressing could be sprayed to form a sticky film within 70 s for rapid hemostasis and wound sealing, which could be conveniently applied to various wounds on extensible body parts. In addition, the shellac-based dressing can actively promote the healing of a full-thickness wound in the skin of mice. We also used molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the interactions between the shellac molecule and the phospholipid bilayer and attempted to show that the shellac molecule was beneficial for wound healing. This work provides a novel and practical bioinspired wound dressing with significant properties, facile preparation, and ease of use, which is an interesting alternative to its traditional counterparts.


    Lanxiang Liu, Xiang Li, Gang Dong, Hong Zhang, Yun-Feng Tao, Rui He, Juan Xu, Jinju Ma, Baoshan Tang, Bei Zhou. Bioinspired Natural Shellac Dressing for Rapid Wound Sealing and Healing. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2023 Sep 20;15(37):43294-43308

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    PMID: 37695271

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