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Muscle satellite cells (SCs) are stem cells and the main players in skeletal muscle reconstruction. Since satellite cells are located near or in direct contact with blood vessels their niche is formed, inter alia, by endothelial cells. The cross-talk between satellite cells and endothelial cells determines quiescence or proliferation of these cells. However, little is known about the role of miRNA in these interactions. In the present study we identified miRNA that were up-regulated in SC-derived myoblasts treated with stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and/or down-regulated in cells in which the expression of CXCR4 or CXCR7, that is, SDF-1 receptors, was silenced. SDF-1 is one of the important regulators of cell migration, mobilization, skeletal muscle regeneration, and angiogenesis. We hypothesized that selected miRNAs affect SC-derived myoblast fate and interactions with endothelial cells. We showed that miR-126a-3p inhibited both, myoblast migration and fusion. Moreover, the levels of Cxcl12, encoding SDF-1 and Ackr3, encoding CXCR7, were reduced by miR-126a-3p mimic. Interestingly, the miR-126a-3p mimic significantly decreased the level of numerous factors involved in myogenesis and the miR-126a-5p mimic increased the level of Vefga. Importantly, the treatment of endothelial cells with medium conditioned by miR-126-5p mimic transfected SC-derived myoblasts promoted tubulogenesis. © 2023. Springer Nature Limited.


Bartosz Mierzejewski, Maria Anna Ciemerych, Wladyslawa Streminska, Katarzyna Janczyk-Ilach, Edyta Brzoska. miRNA-126a plays important role in myoblast and endothelial cell interaction. Scientific reports. 2023 Sep 12;13(1):15046

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PMID: 37699959

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