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Background and objective The surgery to correct adult spinal deformity (ASD) is associated with a rare, but life-threatening complication called acute celiac artery compression syndrome (ACACS). To our knowledge, there is currently no study in the literature regarding the abnormal elevation of serum levels of hepatobiliary enzymes after surgery to correct the deformity. In light of this, the purpose of this study was to investigate this potential association. Materials and methods We collected data on 74 patients with ASD who underwent correction surgery at our institution. A Spearman's rank-order correlation was used to assess the association between serum levels of hepatobiliary enzymes and spinal parameters. Factors showing a correlation coefficient of 0.2 or more were combined in a stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results The mean age of the patients was 68.4 ± 7.7 years; the study comprised six men and 68 women. In our stepwise multiple regression analysis, there were two valid models that included spinal parameters as independent variables: changes in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) - changes in thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK) (B -0.0025 ± 0.0007, p<0.01), and changes in LDH - preoperative T12-L1 kyphosis (B 0.0031 ± 0.001, p<0.01). Additionally, both valid models contained median arcuate ligament (MAL) overlap defined as MAL crossing the base of the celiac artery (CA) as a significant independent variable. Conclusions Greater sagittal correction of TLK, larger preoperative T12-L1 kyphosis, and MAL overlap were factors associated with an elevated serum level of LDH. Although few patients were reported to have clinically severe symptoms, "potential" ACACS due to a temporary blood flow disturbance can occur in this patient population. Copyright © 2023, Sakashita et al.


Kotaro Sakashita, Toshiaki Kotani, Tsuyoshi Sakuma, Yasushi Iijima, Kohei Okuyama, Shuhei Ohyama, Shohei Minami, Seiji Ohtori, Masao Koda, Masashi Yamazaki. The Association Between Corrective Surgery for Adult Spinal Deformity and Serum Levels of Hepatobiliary Enzymes. Cureus. 2023 Aug;15(8):e43444

PMID: 37711914

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