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As a transcriptional factor, the Forkhead box (FOX) gene family is closely connected with apoptosis, proliferation, and other cellular processes. FOXD2, as one descendant of the FOX gene family, has been mentioned in many articles to show a high expression in several cancers. However, whether FOXD2 has a connection with gastric adenocarcinoma remains an unanswered question. Expression of FOXD2 and IQGAP3 in gastric adenocarcinoma was evaluated by bioinformatics analysis, which was further detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot. The downstream target genes of FOXD2 were also mined by bioinformatics analysis. Pathway enrichment analysis was then performed on the target genes. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay (ChIP) and dual-luciferase reporter assay were conducted to validate the regulatory relationship between FOXD2 and its downstream target gene IQGAP3. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay (MTT), combined with cell colony formation assay, was employed to assess the effect of FOXD2 and IQGAP3 on the proliferation of gastric adenocarcinoma cells. Intracytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration was measured by Fluo-3 fluorescence staining. FOXD2 showed a high expression in gastric adenocarcinoma tissues and cells, and FOXD2 silencing considerably attenuated gastric adenocarcinoma cell proliferation. IQGAP3, a downstream target gene of FOXD2, had a positive connection with the expression of FOXD2. The binding relationship between FOXD2 and the promoter region of IQGAP3 was further verified by ChIP and dual-luciferase reporter assays. The results of cell function experiments indicated that FOXD2 could promote gastric adenocarcinoma cell proliferation by transcriptionally activating IQGAP3 to induce an increase in intracellular Ca2+ level. This study confirmed that FOXD2 increased intracellular Ca2+ level through transcriptional activation of IQGAP3, which in turn propelled the proliferation of gastric adenocarcinoma cells, revealing the considerable significance of FOXD2 in the development of gastric adenocarcinoma. © 2023 The Authors. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Kaohsiung Medical University.


Ting Fei, En-Cheng Zhou, Xiao-Jun Wang. FOXD2 regulations IQGAP3 mediated Ca2+ signaling pathway to facilitate gastric adenocarcinoma cell promotion. The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences. 2023 Nov;39(11):1087-1095

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PMID: 37724892

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