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Ferroptosis has been conceptualized as a novel cell death modality distinct from apoptosis, necroptosis, pyroptosis and autophagic cell death. The sensitivity of cellular ferroptosis is regulated at multiple layers, including polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism, glutathione-GPX4 axis, iron homeostasis, mitochondria and other parallel pathways. In addition, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in modulating ferroptosis susceptibility through targeting different players involved in the execution or avoidance of ferroptosis. A growing body of evidence pinpoints the deregulation of miRNA-regulated ferroptosis as a critical factor in the development and progression of various pathophysiological conditions related to iron overload. The revelation of mechanisms of miRNA-dependent ferroptosis provides novel insights into the etiology of diseases and offers opportunities for therapeutic intervention. In this review, we discuss the interplay of emerging miRNA regulators and ferroptosis players under different pathological conditions, such as cancers, ischemia/reperfusion, neurodegenerative diseases, acute kidney injury and cardiomyopathy. We emphasize on the relevance of miRNA-regulated ferroptosis to disease progression and the targetability for therapeutic interventions. © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


Shikai Jin, Pu-Ste Liu, Daheng Zheng, Xin Xie. The interplay of miRNAs and ferroptosis in diseases related to iron overload. Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death. 2024 Feb;29(1-2):45-65

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PMID: 37758940

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