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    Periosteum, the thin layer covering adjacent to bone containing specific architecture, is important for functional bone regeneration and remodeling. Synthetic periosteum investigated presently lacks the resemblance of natural periosteum, suffering from poor mechanical strength and cell attachment. Here, we report a newly-developed biomimetic film to function as synthetic periosteum. Based on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), where surface wettability of the synthetic periosteum is enhanced by microtantalum (mTa) particle blending and after a cold drawing process, further obtains topographical anisotropy without any involvement of solvent. This new blend shows mechanical enhancement over pure PCL, with yield stress and elastic strain approaching the natural periosteum. A distinct degradation mechanism is proposed for the blend, and by seeding with mouse calvarial preosteoblasts, cell proliferation is promoted on surface of the drawn PCL but delayed on the mTa-blended PCL. However, cell mineralization is accelerated on the mTa-blended surface. This is less on the drawn PCL. The synergistical integration of cellular proliferation, alignment and osteogenic enhancement suggest that the cold drawn PCL/Ta blend has unique potential for developing into a synthetic periosteum and other tissue-engineering products. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Peng Liu, Tiecheng Qiu, Jiabing Liu, Xiaoxi Long, Xianwei Wang, Hemin Nie, Mengqiang Yu, Chao Ma, Nan Lin, Swee Hin Teoh, Zuyong Wang. Mechanically enhanced and osteobioactive synthetic periosteum via development of poly(ε-caprolactone)/microtantalum composite. Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces. 2023 Nov;231:113537

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    PMID: 37776773

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