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    To examine the common types of hemoglobin variants and to evaluate the influence of common variants on the results of two kinds of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) tests. We conducted a retrospective study, analyzing the data of a patient population undergoing two HbA1c tests, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and capillary electrophoresis (CE), at West China Hospital, Sichuan University between March 2021 and February 2022. By screening the chromatograms, the hemoglobin variants were identified and their migration positions in the CE method were recorded. The effects of the variants with different migration positions on the findings of the two methods were compared. Variant samples with different migration positions were selected and Sanger sequencing was performed to determine mutations in HBA1, HBA2, and HBB genes in the variant samples. We examined the HbA1c of 207 786 patient samples, identifying variant peaks in the chromatograms of 372 patients. The detection rate of variants was 0.18%, with the variant identification rate of HPLC being 43.3% and that of CE, 100%. Through sequencing, 20 variants were detected. A total of 261 patient samples were tested for HbA1c with both HPLC and CE. HPLC reported all HbA1c results, while CE did not report HbA1c results for 28 samples, among which, 26 showed abnormal peaks that overlapped with HbA1c peaks, and 2 showed abnormal peaks that overlapped with HbA0 peaks. The commonly observed variant migration positions, as revealed by CE, were at the horizontal coordinates of 225±1, 200±3, 100±2, 124±1, 70±2, and 182±1. There was significant difference between HPLC method and CE method in the determination of HbA1c ( P<0.0083), and the difference between the two methods was the largest when there were variants in the 200±3 region. Linear regression showed that the correlation of HbA1c results between the two methods was different when different regional variants were present, and that the correlation between the two methods was strongest when 124±1 region was present ( r=0.998). There are diverse types of hemoglobin variants and most of them can affect the HbA1c findings of HPLC. Analyzing the chromatogram facilitates the identification of the variants. Copyright© by Editorial Board of Journal of Sichuan University (Medical Sciences).


    Dan Ye, Yan Tang, Mei Zhang. Effects of Hemoglobin Variants on Glycosylated Hemoglobin Testing]. Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition. 2023 Sep;54(5):1019-1023

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    PMID: 37866962

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