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    The new drug linagliptin belongs to the class of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 enzyme inhibitors. Linagliptin is used to treat type 2 diabetes and is taken orally either alone or in combination with other drugs. In this instance, a new, simple, and economical technique for analyzing linagliptin was developed by the effective use of a pyrrolidone derivative. The primary amine group of linagliptin permits its condensation with ninhydrin (0.14% w/v) to produce a fluorescent product in the presence of phenylacetaldehyde (0.02% v/v). All experimental parameters were carefully examined and adjusted in order to monitor the generation of the pyrrolidone derivative at excitation and emission wavelengths of 385 and 475 nm, respectively. The calibration graph was made by plotting the intensity of the fluorescence in relation to linagliptin concentration. A significant linearity was found for values ranging from 20 to 460 ng/mL. The process's validity has been verified by a thorough assessment of the instructions provided by the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH). The results indicate excellent uniformity with a reference method, showing that there is no substantial difference in precision and accuracy. The proposed approach was utilized for determining linagliptin in real rat plasma successfully owing to its high sensitivity. Additionally, the proposed approach was evaluated using the Eco-Scale evaluation tool and showed a high degree of eco-friendliness (86/100). © 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


    Samia M El-Gizawy, Noha N Atia, Doaa H Rushdy, Marwa F B Ali. Development of sensitive spectrofluorometric approach based on formation of pyrrolidone derivative for determination of linagliptin through condensation reaction with ninhydrin and phenylacetaldehyde: Application to content uniformity and real plasma. Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence. 2024 Jan;39(1):e4609

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    PMID: 37880857

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