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    The retrospective detection of organophosphorus nerve agents (OPNAs) exposure has been achieved by the off-site analysis of OPNA-human serum albumin (HSA) adducts using mass spectrometry-based detection approaches. However, few specific methods are accessible for on-site detection. To address this, a novel immunofluorescence microfluidic chip (IFMC) testing system combining europium chelated microparticle (EuCM) with self-driven microfluidic chip assay has been established to unambiguously determine soman (GD) and VX exposure within 20 min, respectively. The detection system was based on the principle of indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The specific monoclonal antibodies that respectively recognized the phosphonylated tyrosine 411 of GD-HSA and VX-HSA adducts were labeled by EuCM to capture corresponding adducts in the exposed samples. The phosphonylated peptides in the test line and goat-anti-rabbit antibody in the control line were utilized to bind the EuCM-labeled antibodies for signal exhibition. The developed IFMC chip could discriminatively detect exposed HSA adducts with high specificity, demonstrating a low limit of detection at exposure concentrations of 0.5 × 10-6 mol/L VX and 1.0 × 10-6 mol/L GD. The exposed serum samples can be qualitatively detected following an additional pretreatment procedure. This is a novel rapid detection system capable of discriminating GD and VX exposure, providing an alternative method for rapidly identifying OPNA exposure. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Qiao Lv, Pei-Yu Jiang, Jun-Mei Xia, Long-Hui Liang, Bo Chen, Yang Yang, Long Yan, Hui-Lan Yu, Chang-Cai Liu. Discriminative detection of soman or VX exposure using europium chelated microparticle-based immunofluorescence microfluidic chip. Analytical biochemistry. 2024 Jan 15;685:115388

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    PMID: 37967783

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