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Cisplatin, a potent chemotherapy agent, is highly effective against various cancers but is hindered by resistance and toxicities. This study aims to investigate the roles of SLC7A11, a cystine/glutamate transporter, in cisplatin resistance, and explored Tanshinone IIA as a therapeutic option. Cisplatin reduced SLC7A11 in renal cells, worsening toxicity. Cisplatin-resistant gastric cancer cells show increased SLC7A11, driving resistance, while SLC7A11 knockdown curbed resistance. Tanshinone IIA showed promise in alleviating cisplatin toxicity by enhancing SLC7A11 expression and reducing associated adverse effects, while it effectively reversed cisplatin resistance in gastric cancer cells by suppressing SLC7A11. Additionally, Tanshinone IIA counteracted cisplatin resistance by inhibiting PIAS4-mediated SUMOylation of SLC7A11. Simultaneously, overexpressing miR-375, which has been shown to target SLC7A11, exacerbated cisplatin toxicity via SLC7A11 downregulation, which Tanshinone IIA attenuates. In summary, our study unveils complex SLC7A11 regulation in cisplatin resistance and toxicity. Tanshinone IIA emerges as a promising modulator of SLC7A11 through individual pathways, offering novel insights into overcoming cisplatin resistance and reducing toxicities in cancer therapy. © 2023 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Hai Qin, Yaqin Yuan, Manqin Yuan, Siyi Yi, Yonghong Yang, Yujie Zhang. Tanshinone IIA ameliorates cisplatin-induced toxicology and cisplatin resistance via regulating SLC7A11 expression. Environmental toxicology. 2024 Mar;39(3):1429-1441

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PMID: 37987512

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