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    POLR3B encodes the RPC2 subunit of RNA polymerase III. Pathogenic variants are associated with biallelic hypomyelinating leukodystrophy belonging to the POLR-related disorders. Recently, the association with dominant demyelinating neuropathy, classified as Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome type 1I (CMT1I), has been reported as well. Here we report on an additional patient presenting with developmental delay and generalized epilepsy, followed by the onset of mild pyramidal and cerebellar signs, vertical gaze palsy and subclinical demyelinating polyneuropathy. A new heterozygous de novo missense variant, c.1297C > G, p.Arg433Gly, in POLR3B was disclosed via trio-exome sequencing. In silico analysis confirms the hypothesis on the variant pathogenicity. Our research broadens both the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of the autosomal-dominant POLR3B-related condition.


    Vito Luigi Colona, Enrico Bertini, Maria Cristina Digilio, Adele D'Amico, Antonio Novelli, Stefano Pro, Elisa Pisaneschi, Francesco Nicita. A New Case of Autosomal-Dominant POLR3B-Related Disorder: Widening Genotypic and Phenotypic Spectrum. Brain sciences. 2023 Nov 08;13(11)

    PMID: 38002527

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