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N-terminal cardiac myosin-binding protein C (cMyBP-C) domains (C0-C2) bind to thick (myosin) and thin (actin) filaments to coordinate contraction and relaxation of the heart. These interactions are regulated by phosphorylation of the M-domain situated between domains C1 and C2. In cardiomyopathies and heart failure, phosphorylation of cMyBP-C is significantly altered. We aimed to investigate how cMyBP-C interacts with myosin and actin. We developed complementary, high-throughput, C0-C2 FRET-based binding assays for myosin and actin to characterize the effects due to 5 HCM-linked variants or functional mutations in unphosphorylated and phosphorylated C0-C2. The assays indicated that phosphorylation decreases binding to both myosin and actin, whereas the HCM mutations in M-domain generally increase binding. The effects of mutations were greatest in phosphorylated C0-C2, and some mutations had a larger effect on actin than myosin binding. Phosphorylation also altered the spatial relationship of the probes on C0-C2 and actin. The magnitude of these structural changes was dependent on C0-C2 probe location (C0, C1, or M-domain). We conclude that binding can differ between myosin and actin due to phosphorylation or mutations. Additionally, these variables can change the mode of binding, affecting which of the interactions in cMyBP-C N-terminal domains with myosin or actin take place. The opposite effects of phosphorylation and M-domain mutations is consistent with the idea that cMyBP-C phosphorylation is critical for normal cardiac function. The precision of these assays is indicative of their usefulness in high-throughput screening of drug libraries for targeting cMyBP-C as therapy. Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.


Fiona L Wong, Thomas A Bunch, Victoria C Lepak, Allison L Steedman, Brett A Colson. Cardiac myosin-binding protein C N-terminal interactions with myosin and actin filaments: Opposite effects of phosphorylation and M-domain mutations. Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology. 2024 Jan;186:125-137

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PMID: 38008210

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