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    In the pavement industry, there is a pressing need for the reuse of recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) materials. However, the rutting deformation in existing pavement structures is often overlooked in the design of recycled asphalt pavement, which hinders long-term performance prediction and durability assessment. This study examined the viscoelastic properties and fatigue performance of recycled asphalt mixtures. Different combinations of surface layers with varying RAP contents and binder layers with different rutting damage levels were designed. A 3D-Move Analysis model was used to analyze the dynamic mechanical response of these structures under moving loads. Results showed that the stiffness of recycled asphalt mixture increased with the RAP content, but the fatigue performance decreased by 39.4% when the RAP content reached 50%. Incorporating 50% RAP in the surface layer can reduce the compressive stress caused by vehicle loading, thus reducing the vertical compression strain and permanent deformation of the asphalt layers and the subgrade. However, the surface layer with higher RAP content is exposed to intense alternating tensile and compressive strains, leading to poor fatigue durability. The dynamic mechanical behavior of recycled asphalt pavement structures was found to be significantly impacted by the characteristics of the binder layer. The lower dynamic modulus of the binder layer (e.g., 18 mm rutting depth) can lead to more deformation and an increased risk of fatigue cracking. Moreover, the dynamic performance of mixtures with 0% and 50% RAP in the surface layer is even more affected by changes in the binder layer properties. It is recommended to consider the design of dynamic modulus combinations of existing binder layer materials and surface materials with higher RAP, in order to increase the utilization of RAP for high-grade highways and improve the stress distribution to enhance their durability. © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


    He Zhan, Ning Li, Wei Tang, Xin Yu, Zhongyuan Wang. Dynamic mechanical response of hot central plant recycling asphalt pavement considering the rutting deformation of existing structure: pollution reduction and durability promotion. Environmental science and pollution research international. 2024 Jan;31(3):4036-4051

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    PMID: 38097834

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