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    Owing to their outstanding performance against COVID-19, mRNA vaccines have brought great hope for combating various incurable diseases, including cancer. Differences in the encoded proteins result in different molecular and cellular mechanisms of mRNA vaccines. With the rapid development of nanotechnology and molecular medicine, personalized antigen-encoding mRNA vaccines that enhance antigen presentation can trigger effective immune responses and prevent off-target toxicities. Herein, we review new insights into the influence of encoded antigens, cytokines, and other functional proteins on the mechanisms of mRNA vaccines. We also highlight the importance of delivery systems and chemical modifications for mRNA translation efficiency, stability, and targeting, and we discuss the potential problems and application prospects of mRNA vaccines as versatile tools for combating cancer. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Shulin Pan, Rangrang Fan, Bo Han, Aiping Tong, Gang Guo. The potential of mRNA vaccines in cancer nanomedicine and immunotherapy. Trends in immunology. 2024 Jan;45(1):20-31

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    PMID: 38142147

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