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One sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator is approved (ozanimod) and another (etrasimod) is under investigation for the induction and maintenance of remission of ulcerative colitis (UC). We aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of S1P modulators in patients with active UC. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis synthesizing randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which were retrieved by systematically searching: PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and Cochrane through May 13th, 2023. We used the fixed-effect model to pool dichotomous data using risk ratio (RR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Five RCTs with a total of 1990 patients were included. S1P receptor modulators were significantly associated with increased clinical response during both the induction (RR 1.71 with 95% CI [1.50, 1.94], P = 0.00001) and maintenance phases (RR 1.89 with 95% CI [1.33, 2.69], P = 0.0004); clinical remission rates during both induction (RR 2.76 with 95% CI [1.88, 4.05], P = 0.00001) and maintenance phases (RR 3.34 with 95% CI [1.41, 7.94], P = 0.006); endoscopic improvement during both induction (RR 2.15 with 95% CI [1.71, 2.70], P = 0.00001) and maintenance phases (RR 2.41 with 95% CI [1.15, 5.05], P = 0.02); and histologic remission during both induction (RR 2.60 with 95% CI [1.89, 3.57] [1.17, 2.10], P = 0.00001) and maintenance phases (RR 2.52 with 95% CI [1.89, 3.37], P = 0.00001). Finally, there was no difference regarding safety outcomes as compared to placebo in both the induction and maintenance phases. S1P receptor modulators are effective in inducing and maintaining remission in patients with moderate to severe UC. © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Citation

Husam Abu Suilik, Fouad Jaber, Mohamed Abuelazm, Alaa Ramadan, Mohamed A Elzeftawy, Amr Elrosasy, Rana Ahmed Youssef, Basel Abdelazeem, Jana G Hashash, Francis A Farraye, Hassan Ghoz. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulators as an induction and maintenance therapy for ulcerative colitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.]. 2024 Feb;73(2):183-198

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PMID: 38153524

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