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It would be helpful in determining ablation strategy if the occurrence of perimitral atrial tachycardia (PMAT) could be predicted in advance. We investigated whether estimated perimitral conduction time (E-PMCT), namely, twice the time between coronary sinus (CS) pacing and the ensuing wave-front collision at the opposite side of the mitral annulus, correlated with the cycle length of PMAT and could predict future PMAT. We retrospectively (retrospective cohort) and prospectively (validation cohort) investigated atrial fibrillation patients who had received pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and in whom left atrial maps had been created during CS pacing. We calculated their E-PMCT. PMAT was observed either by provocation or during follow-up in 25, AT other than PMAT was observed in 24 (non-PMAT AT group), and 53 patients never displayed any AT (no-AT group) in the retrospective cohort. In the PMAT group of the retrospective cohort, a strong positive correlation was observed between the PMAT CL and E-PMCT (r = .85, p < 0.001). PMAT was never induced nor observed in patients with E-PMCT less than 176 ms, and the best cut-off value for PMAT was 180 ms by receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis. In the validation cohort of 76 patients, the cut-off value of the E-PMAT less than 180 ms predicted noninducibility of PMAT, with a sensitivity of 78.6%, specificity of 100%, positive predictive value of 100%, and negative predictive value of 25.0%. Short E-PMCT may predict noninducibility of PMAT and guide a less invasive ablation strategy. © 2024 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Satoshi Hara, Naoyuki Miwa, Shigeki Kusa, Yoshikazu Sato, Junichi Doi, Tadanori Nakata, Hidenori Hirano, Taiki Ishizawa, Hitoshi Hachiya. Conduction time around the mitral valve annulus has the potential to rule out postablation perimitral atrial tachycardia. Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology. 2024 Feb;35(2):348-359

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PMID: 38180129

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