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Cell-based influenza vaccines avoid egg-adaptive mutations, potentially improving vaccine effectiveness. We assessed the one-season cost-effectiveness of cell-based quadrivalent influenza vaccine (QIVc) against that of egg-derived quadrivalent influenza vaccines (QIVe) in children (6 months to 17 years of age) from payer and societal perspectives in Taiwan using an age-stratified static model. Base case and high egg adaptation scenarios were assessed. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) threshold in Taiwan was assumed to be USD 99 177/quality-adjusted life year (QALY). Compared to QIVe, QIVc would prevent 15 665 influenza cases, 2244 complicated cases, and 259 hospitalizations per year. The base case ICER was USD 68 298/QALY and USD 40 085/QALY from the payer and societal perspective, respectively. In the high egg adaptation scenario, the ICER was USD 45 782/QALY from the payer's perspective and USD 17 489/QALY from the societal perspective. Deterministic sensitivity analyses indicated that infection incidence rate, vaccination coverage, and prevalence of the A/H3N2 strain were the main drivers of ICER. In conclusion, switching the immunization strategy from QIVe to QIVc is predicted to reduce the influenza-associated disease burden and be cost-effective for the pediatric population in Taiwan. The potential benefits of QIVc would be even higher during influenza seasons with high levels of egg adaptation. © 2024 CSL Seqirus Inc and The Authors. Journal of Medical Virology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Citation

Chia-Yu Chi, Ming-Fang Cheng, Karam Ko, Joaquin F Mould, Chih-Jung Chen, Yhu-Chering Huang, Ping-Ing Lee. Cost-effectiveness analysis of cell-based versus egg-based quadrivalent influenza vaccines in the pediatric population in Taiwan. Journal of medical virology. 2024 Jan;96(1):e29279

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PMID: 38196182

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