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Despite the abundance of registered clinical trials worldwide, the availability of effective drugs for obesity treatment is limited due to their associated side effects. Thus, there is growing interest in therapies that stimulate energy expenditure in white adipose tissue. Recently, we demonstrated that the delivery of a miR-21 mimic using JetPEI effectively inhibits weight gain in an obese mouse model by promoting metabolism, browning, and thermogenesis, suggesting the potential of miR-21 mimic as a treatment for obesity. Despite these promising results, the implementation of more advanced delivery system techniques for miR-21 mimic would greatly enhance the advancement of safe and efficient treatment approaches for individuals with obesity in the future. Our objective is to explore whether a new delivery system based on gold nanoparticles and Gemini surfactants (Au@16-ph-16) can replicate the favorable effects of the miR-21 mimic on weight gain, browning, and thermogenesis. We found that dosages as low as 0.2 μg miR-21 mimic /animal significantly inhibited weight gain and induced browning and thermogenic parameters. This was evidenced by the upregulation of specific genes and proteins associated with these processes, as well as the biogenesis of beige adipocytes and mitochondria. Significant increases in miR-21 levels were observed in adipose tissue but not in other tissue types. Our data indicates that Au@16-ph-16 could serve as an effective delivery system for miRNA mimics, suggesting its potential suitability for the development of future clinical treatments against obesity. Copyright © 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.. All rights reserved.


Said Lhamyani, Adriana-Mariel Gentile, María Mengual-Mesa, Elia Grueso, Rosa M Giráldez-Pérez, José Carlos Fernandez-Garcia, Antonio Vega-Rioja, Mercedes Clemente-Postigo, John R Pearson, Isabel González-Mariscal, Gabriel Olveira, Francisco-Javier Bermudez-Silva, Rajaa El Bekay. Au@16-pH-16/miR-21 mimic nanosystem: An efficient treatment for obesity through browning and thermogenesis induction. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. 2024 Feb;171:116104

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PMID: 38198956

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