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Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that treat inflammation, pain and fever. This study determined the interaction mechanisms of COX-2 inhibitors and the molecular properties needed to design new drug candidates. Using machine learning and explainable AI methods, the inhibition activity of 1488 molecules was modelled, and essential properties were identified. These properties included aromatic rings, nitrogen-containing functional groups and aliphatic hydrocarbons. They affected the water solubility, hydrophobicity and binding affinity of COX-2 inhibitors. The binding mode, stability and ADME properties of 16 ligands bound to the Cyclooxygenase active site of COX-2 were investigated by molecular docking, molecular dynamics simulation and MM-GBSA analysis. The results showed that ligand 339,222 was the most stable and effective COX-2 inhibitor. It inhibited prostaglandin synthesis by disrupting the protein conformation of COX-2. It had good ADME properties and high clinical potential. This study demonstrated the potential of machine learning and bioinformatics methods in discovering COX-2 inhibitors. © 2024. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Citation

Mithun Rudrapal, Kevser Kübra Kirboga, Mohnad Abdalla, Siddhartha Maji. Explainable artificial intelligence-assisted virtual screening and bioinformatics approaches for effective bioactivity prediction of phenolic cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors using PubChem molecular fingerprints. Molecular diversity. 2024 Jan 10


PMID: 38200203

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