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    Trichophyton species cause dermatophytosis in humans, with a high, worldwide frequency of reports and important public health relevance. We evaluated 61 Trichophyton strains from different sources deposited in the University Recife Mycology (URM) culture collection of the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil. Strains were phenotypically identified and confirmed by sequencing Internal Transcribed Spacers rDNA and partial beta-tubulin 2-exon. Additionally, we evaluated their susceptibility to terbinafine and itraconazole. Physiological analyses included urease activity and growth in casein medium. Phenotypic methods allowed the reliable identification of T. rubrum only, whereas, for other species, molecular methods were mandatory. All Trichophyton species exhibited susceptibility profiles to itraconazole (0.04-5.33 μg/mL) and terbinafine (0.17-3.33 μg/mL). Our analyses revealed a heterogeneous distribution of T. mentagrophytes, which does not support the current distribution within the species complex of T. mentagrophytes and its genotypes. © 2024. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

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    Tatiana F Oliveira, Carlos A T Valeriano, M Daniela S Buonafina-Paz, Cristina M Souza-Motta, Alexandre R Machado, Rejane P Neves, Jadson D P Bezerra, Thales D Arantes, Sybren de Hoog, Oliane M C Magalhães. Molecular Verification of Trichophyton in the Brazilian URM Culture Collection. Mycopathologia. 2024 Jan 13;189(1):2

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    PMID: 38217794

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