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    The aim of the study was to investigate th e in flue nce of Exenatide comb ined with Met formin on fasti ng blood glucose, postpr andial glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and inte s tinal flora in typ e 2 diab etes mellitus cases with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. A total of 128 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, diagnosed from Januar y 2019 to January 2022, were included and randomly assigned to either G roup A (n=64) or Gro up B (n =64). Group A received Metformin, while Group B received Exenatide injection and Metfor min. After 24 weeks of treat ment, blood glucose indices (fasting blood glucose and postprandial glucose), blood lipid indices (triglycerides and total cholesterol), liver func tion indices (alanine aminotransferase and aspar tate aminotransferase) were all lower in Group B than in Group A (p<0.001 for all). Counts o f Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis were lower in Group B than in Group A (both p<0.05), counts of Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus were highe r i n Group B than in Grou p A (both p<0.05). Combin ation of Exenati de and Metformi n may have synergistic effects in improving metabo lic an d hepatic pa rameters, a s well as re gulat ing intestinal flora, which cou ld provide a pro misin g therapeutic option for the management of these patients.


    Xiaojie Jiang, Tingting Shi, Dan Han, Juan Chen. Exenatide and Metformin Improve Serum Indices and Intestinal Flora in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 2024 Jan;74(1):138-140

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    PMID: 38219182

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