Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • ammonium (1)
  • auxin (4)
  • biosynthesis (2)
  • cell wall (1)
  • ethylenes (1)
  • expansin (1)
  • expressed genes (1)
  • gene (4)
  • gene plant (1)
  • gibberellin (3)
  • meristem (1)
  • nutrients (3)
  • oryza (1)
  • oryza sativa (1)
  • phytohormones (3)
  • plant (1)
  • plant proteins (1)
  • plant roots (2)
  • rice (3)
  • root tips (4)
  • roots (1)
  • signal (2)
  • stimulus (3)
  • tropism (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Nutritropism is a positive tropism toward nutrients in plant roots. An NH4+ gradient is a nutritropic stimulus in rice (Oryza sativa L.). When rice roots are exposed to an NH4+ gradient generated around nutrient sources, root tips bend toward and coil around the sources. The molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we analyzed the transcriptomes of the inside and outside of bending root tips exhibiting nutritropism to reveal nutritropic signal transduction. Tissues facing the nutrient sources (inside) and away (outside) were separately collected by laser microdissection. Principal component analysis revealed distinct transcriptome patterns between the two tissues. Annotations of 153 differentially expressed genes implied that auxin, gibberellin and ethylene signaling were activated differentially between the sides of the root tips under nutritropism. Exogenous application of transport and/or biosynthesis inhibitors of these phytohormones largely inhibited the nutritropism. Thus, signaling and de novo biosynthesis of the three phytohormones are necessary for nutritropism. Expression patterns of IAA genes implied that auxins accumulated more in the inside tissues, meaning that ammonium stimulus is transduced to auxin signaling in nutritropism similar to gravity stimulus in gravitropism. SAUR and expansin genes, which are known to control cell wall modification and to promote cell elongation in shoot gravitropism, were highly expressed in the inside tissues rather than the outside tissues, and our transcriptome data are unexplainable for differential elongation in root nutritropism. © The Author(s) 2024. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact


    Kiyoshi Yamazaki, Yoshihiro Ohmori, Hirokazu Takahashi, Atsushi Toyoda, Yutaka Sato, Mikio Nakazono, Toru Fujiwara. Transcriptome Analysis of Rice Root Tips Reveals Auxin, Gibberellin and Ethylene Signaling Underlying Nutritropism. Plant & cell physiology. 2024 May 14;65(4):671-679

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    PMID: 38226464

    View Full Text