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Sudapyridine (WX-081) is a structural analog of bedaquiline (BDQ), which shows anti-tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) activities but, unlike BDQ, did not prolong QT interval in animal model studies. This study evaluated the antibacterial activity of this novel compound against Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium abscessus, and Mycobacterium chelonae in vitro and in vivo. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of WX-081 against three kinds of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) clinical strains was determined using microplate-based alamarBlue assay (MABA), and the antibacterial activity of WX-081 against NTM in J774A.1 cells and mice was evaluated. MIC ranges of WX-081 against clinical strains of M. avium and M. abscessus were 0.05-0.94 μg/mL, 0.88-7.22 μg/mL (M. abscessus subsp. abscessus), and 0.22-8.67 μg/mL (M. abscessus subsp. massiliense), respectively, which were slightly higher than those of BDQ. For M. avium, M. abscessus, and M. chelonae, WX-081 can reduce the intracellular bacterial load by 0.13-1.18, 0.18-1.50, and 0.17-1.03 log10 colony forming units (CFU)/mL, respectively, in a concentration-dependent manner. WX-081 has bactericidal activity against three NTM species in mice. WX-081 exhibited anti-NTM activity to the same extent as BDQ both in vivo and in vitro. WX-081 is a promising clinical candidate and should be studied further in clinical trials. Due to the rapidly increased cases globally, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease has become a significant public health problem. NTM accounted for 11.57% of all mycobacterial isolates in China, with a high detection rate of Mycobacterium abscessus, Mycobacterium avium, and Mycobacterium chelonae during 2000-2019. Treatment of NTM infection is often challenging, as natural resistance to most antibiotics is quite common among different NTM species. Hence, identifying highly active anti-NTM agents is a priority for potent regimen establishment. The pursuit of new drugs to treat multidrug-resistant tuberculosis may also identify some agents with strong activity against NTM. Sudapyridine (WX-081) is a structural analog of bedaquiline (BDQ), which was developed to retain the anti-tuberculosis efficacy but eliminates the severe side effects of BDQ. This study initially evaluated the antimicrobial activity of this novel compound against M. avium, M. abscessus, and M. chelonae in vitro, in macrophages and mice, respectively.

Citation

Luyao Zheng, Hong Wang, Xueting Qi, Weiyan Zhang, Bin Wang, Lei Fu, Xi Chen, Xiaoyou Chen, Yu Lu. Sudapyridine (WX-081) antibacterial activity against Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium abscessus, and Mycobacterium chelonae in vitro and in vivo. mSphere. 2024 Feb 28;9(2):e0051823

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PMID: 38240581

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