Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions


  • 4 and (1)
  • biomass (2)
  • carbon (1)
  • carotenoid (1)
  • hyperoxia (6)
  • nitrogen (11)
  • oxygen (5)
  • plants (12)
  • research (2)
  • rome (1)
  • weight (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The objectives of this research were to investigate the impact of hypobaria, hyperoxia, and nitrogen form on the growth and nutritional quality of plants. Pre-culture 20-day-old lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. Rome) seedlings grew for 25 days under three levels of total atmospheric pressure (101, 54, and 30 kPa), two levels of oxygen partial pressure (21 and 28 kPa), and two forms of nitrogen (NO3N and NH4N). The ratios of NO3N to NH4N included 3: 1, 4: 0, 2: 2, and 0: 4. The nitrogen quantity included two levels, i.e. N1, 0.1 g N kg-1 dry matrix and N2, 0.2 g N kg-1 dry matrix. The growth status of lettuce plants in different treatments differentiated markedly. Regardless of the nitrogen factor, the growth status of lettuce plants treated with total atmospheric pressure/oxygen partial pressure at 54/21 was equivalent to the treatment of 101/21. Under the hypobaric condition (54 kPa), compared with 21 kPa oxygen partial pressure, hyperoxia (28 kPa) significantly inhibited the growth of lettuce plants and the biomass (fresh weight) decreased by 60.9%-69.9% compared with that under 101/21 treatment. At the N1 level, the sequence of the biomass of lettuce plants supplied with different ratios of NO3N to NH4N was 3: 1 > 4: 0 > 2: 2 > 0: 4, and there were higher concentrations of chlorophyll and carotenoid of lettuce plants supplied with the higher ratio of NO3 to NH4. At the N2 level, the effects of different ratios of NO3N to NH4N on lettuce plants were similar to those at the N1 level. The high nitrogen (N2) promoted the growth of lettuce plants such as 54/21/N2 treatments. Both form and nitrogen level did not affect the stress resistance of lettuce plants. Hypobaria (54 kPa) increased the contents of N, P, and K and hyperoxia (28 kPa) decreased the content of organic carbon in lettuce plants. The high nitrogen (N2) improved the content of total N and the N uptake. The ratios of NO3N to NH4N were 4: 0 and 3: 1, lettuce could absorb and utilize N effectively. This study demonstrated that hyperoxia (28 kPa) inhibited the growth of lettuce plants under the hypobaric condition (54 kPa), and high level of nitrogen (0.2 g N kg-1 dry matrix) and NO3N: NH4N at 3: 1 markedly enhanced the growth, the contents of mineral elements and the nutritional quality of lettuce plants. Copyright © 2023 The Committee on Space Research (COSPAR). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Linwei Jia, Yongkang Tang, Ke Tian, Weidang Ai, Wenjin Shang, Hao Wu. Effects of hypobaria, hyperoxia, and nitrogen form on the growth and nutritional quality of lettuce. Life sciences in space research. 2024 Feb;40:44-50

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances


    PMID: 38245347

    View Full Text