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    This article presents technical guidelines for perio-restorative esthetic crown lengthening, along with a discussion of the biologic rationale. A classification system is proposed to assist in treatment planning and sequencing the surgical and restorative phases. When esthetic crown lengthening is performed as an adjunct to restorative therapy, the surgical approach must be determined by the anticipated position of the restorative margins. The removal of sufficient bone to achieve the desired clinical crown length and preserve the supracrestal gingival tissue dimensions is facilitated by the use of a surgical guide fabricated according to the design of the restorations. A staged approach allows sequencing the provisional restoration to minimize unesthetic sequelae during the healing period. Inadequate bone resection and/or alteration of the soft tissue dimensions results in delayed healing, leading to coronal gingival rebound and biologic width impingement. The identification and preservation of appropriate restorative and biologic landmarks is essential for success in pre-prosthetic esthetic crown lengthening treatment. A staged approach improves the esthetic management during the postsurgical healing and maturation period. A restorative driven classification system for sequencing and staging adjunctive esthetic crown lengthening procedures is presented. Technical guidelines to enhance gingival margin predictability are suggested, accompanied by relevant evidence. In addition, wound healing timelines following gingival and osseous resection are provided. © 2024 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


    Ernesto A Lee, Victor Cambra, Michael Bergler. Staged esthetic crown lengthening: Classification and guidelines for periodontal-restorative therapy. Journal of esthetic and restorative dentistry : official publication of the American Academy of Esthetic Dentistry ... [et al.]. 2024 Jan;36(1):153-163

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    PMID: 38247169

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