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    We previously reported that the a3 subunit of proton-pumping vacuolar-type ATPase (V-ATPase) interacts with Rab7 and its guanine nucleotide exchange factor, Mon1a-Ccz1, and recruits them to secretory lysosomes in osteoclasts, which is essential for anterograde trafficking of secretory lysosomes. The a3 subunit interacts with Mon1a-Ccz1 through its cytosolic N-terminal domain. Here, we examined the roles of this domain in the interaction with Rab7 and trafficking of secretory lysosomes. Immunoprecipitation experiments showed that a3 interacted with Rab7 through its cytosolic domain, similar to the interaction with Mon1a-Ccz1. We connected this domain with a lysosome localization signal and expressed it in a3-knockout (a3KO) osteoclasts. Although the signal connected to the cytosolic domain was mainly detected in lysosomes, impaired lysosome trafficking in a3KO osteoclasts was not rescued. These results indicate that the cytosolic domain of a3 can interact with trafficking regulators, but is insufficient to induce secretory lysosome trafficking. The C-terminal domain of a3 and other subunits of V-ATPase are likely required to form a fully functional complex for secretory lysosome trafficking.


    Mayumi Nakanishi-Matsui, Naomi Matsumoto, Ge-Hong Sun-Wada, Yoh Wada. Role of the Cytosolic Domain of the a3 Subunit of V-ATPase in the Interaction with Rab7 and Secretory Lysosome Trafficking in Osteoclasts. Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin. 2024;47(1):339-344

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    PMID: 38296463

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