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Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has become a vital regulator in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis (OP). This study aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA DLEU2 in the development of proliferation and apoptosis of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). High-throughput sequencing in bone tissues from 3 pairs of healthy donors and OP patients was used to search for differential lncRNAs. The expression of DLEU2 was also verified in bone tissues. The hBMSCs were transfected with DLEU2 ASO. Cell viability was detected suing MTT. Cell proliferation was determined using colony formation and EdU assays. Cell cycle and apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry. RIP, RNA pulldown, and Co-IP assays were carried out to verify the interaction between protein and protein/RNA. The binding sites between GFI1 and the promoter of DLEU2 was verified using ChIP and luciferase assays. DLEU2 expression was down-regulated in OP patients. Knockdown of DLEU2 expression significantly inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis of hBMSCs. Moreover, DLEU2 could interact with EZH2 to induce the activation of GFI1. Additionally, GFI1 transcriptionally activated DLEU2. Taken together, DLEU2/EZH2/GFI1 axis suppressed proliferation and enhanced hBMSC apoptosis. This may provide novel strategy for OP.


Qing Yao, Xuezhi He, Jing Wang, Juan Liu, Qing Zhang, Jie Zhang, Yawen Bo, Lin Lu. DLEU2/EZH2/GFI1 Axis Regulates the Proliferation and Apoptosis of Human Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Critical reviews in eukaryotic gene expression. 2024;34(3):61-71

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PMID: 38305289

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