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    OCA-B, OCA-T1, and OCA-T2 belong to a family of coactivators that bind to POU transcription factors (TFs) to regulate gene expression in immune cells. Here, we identify IκBζ (encoded by the NFKBIZ gene) as an additional coactivator of POU TFs. Although originally discovered as an inducible regulator of NF-κB, we show here that IκBζ shares a microhomology with OCA proteins and uses this segment to bind to POU TFs and octamer-motif-containing DNA. Our functional experiments suggest that IκBζ requires its interaction with POU TFs to coactivate immune-related genes. This finding is reinforced by epigenomic analysis of MYD88L265P-mutant lymphoma cells, which revealed colocalization of IκBζ with the POU TF OCT2 and NF-κB:p50 at hundreds of DNA elements harboring octamer and κB motifs. These results suggest that IκBζ is a transcriptional coactivator that can amplify and integrate the output of NF-κB and POU TFs at inducible genes in immune cells. Copyright © 2024 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Aktan Alpsoy, Xiaoli S Wu, Sujay Pal, Olaf Klingbeil, Pramod Kumar, Osama El Demerdash, Benan Nalbant, Christopher R Vakoc. IκBζ is a dual-use coactivator of NF-κB and POU transcription factors. Molecular cell. 2024 Mar 21;84(6):1149-1157.e7

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    PMID: 38309274

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