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In the present study, hybrid activation of sodium peroxydisulfate (PS) by hydrodynamic cavitation and ultraviolet radiation was investigated for Congo Red (CR) degradation. Experiments were conducted using the Box-Benken design on inlet pressure (2-6 bar), PS concentration (0-50 mg. L-1) and UV radiation power (0-32 W). According to the results, at the optimum point where the pressure, PS concentration and UV radiation power were equal to 4.5 bar, 30 mg. L-1 and 16 W respectively, 92.01% of decolorization was achieved. Among the investigated processes, HC/UV/PS was the best process with the rate constant and synergetic coefficient of 38.6 × 10-3 min-1 and 2.76, respectively. At the optimum conditions, increasing the pollutant concentration from 20 mg. L-1 to 80 mg. L-1 decrease degradation rate from 92.01 to 45.21. Presence of natural organic mater (NOM) in all concentrations inhibited the CR degradation. Quenching experiments revealed that in the HC/UV/PS hybrid AOP free radicals accounted for 63.4% of the CR degradation, while the contribution of sulfate (SRs) and hydroxyl radicals (HRs) was 53.1% and 46.9%, respectively. Copyright © 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Abolfazl Dehghani, Soroush Baradaran, Salman Movahedirad. Synergistic degradation of Congo Red by hybrid advanced oxidation via ultraviolet light, persulfate, and hydrodynamic cavitation. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. 2024 Mar 01;272:116042

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PMID: 38310821

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