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Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes acute respiratory infection in individuals of all age groups. It is the most common pathogen identified in infants and young children with acute lower respiratory infection. Although most infants and young children experience mild, cold-like symptoms, some infants develop severe lower respiratory tract disease such as pneumonia and bronchiolitis that may result in an emergency department visit or hospitalization. In the United States, hospitalization rates have risen during the last decades, and while premature infants with chronic lung disease and congenital heart disease are at increased risk for severe presentations, the majority of hospitalizations occur in previously healthy infants. Until recently, RSV prophylaxis was only available for former preterm infants and those with certain underlying medical conditions. The need for preventive interventions against RSV is crucial. This paper will provide a review of the vaccine development, the spectrum of RSV prophylaxis, current challenges associated with the cost, insurance coverage and equitable distribution of targeted therapies. Copyright © 2024 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Anne Coates, Christy Sadreameli. Updates on respiratory syncytial virus prophylaxis: the past, present and future. Current opinion in pediatrics. 2024 Feb 14


PMID: 38351889

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