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Objective To explore the influence of extracellular matrix protein ABI-interactor 3-binding protein (ABI3BP) on vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) genome replication and innate immune signaling pathway.Methods The small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected to knock down ABI3BP gene in human skin fibroblast BJ-5ta cells. VSV-green fluorescent protein (VSV-GFP)-infected cell model was established. The morphological changes and F-actin stress fiber formation were detected on ABI3BP knockdown cells by phalloidin immunofluorescence staining. The mRNA level of virus replication was detected by RT-qPCR in BJ-5ta cells after VSV-GFP infection; western blotting was performed to detect the changes in interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) and TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) phosphorylation levels.Results The VSV-GFP-infected BJ-5ta cell model was successfully established. Efficient knockdown of ABI3BP in BJ-5ta cells was achieved. Phalloidin immunofluorescence staining revealed structural rearrangement of intracellular F-actin after ABI3BP gene knockdown. Compared with the control group, the gene copy number of VSV-GFP in ABI3BP knockdown cells increased by 2.2 - 3.5 times (P<0.01) and 2.2 - 4.0 times (P<0.01) respectively when infected with VSV of multiplicity of infection 0.1 and 1. The expression of viral protein significantly increased in ABI3BP knockdown cells after virus infection. The activation of type-I interferon pathway, as determined by phosphorylated IRF3 and phosphorylated TBK1, was significantly decreased in ABI3BP knockdown cells after VSV-GFP infection.Conclusions Extracellular matrix protein ABI3BP plays an important role in maintaining the formation and rearrangement of actin structure. ABI3BP gene deletion promotes RNA virus replication, and ABI3BP is an important molecule that maintains the integrity of type I interferon pathway.


Xiang-Bo Meng, Mei-Hua Chen, Nuo Xu, Tian-Qi Li, Shuai-Chen Li, Sun-Xin Zhou, Huan Chen, Tong Zhang. Antiviral Effect of Extracellular Matrix Protein ABI3BP on Vesicular Stomatitis Virus and Its Mechanism: A Preliminary Study In Vitro. Chinese medical sciences journal = Chung-kuo i hsueh k'o hsueh tsa chih. 2024 Mar;39(1):1-8

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PMID: 38384000

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