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    To explore a method of loading exosomes onto absorbable stents. By building a stent-(3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane-1, 2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy (polyethylene glycol) 5000]-exosomes connection, the exosomes were loaded onto absorbable stents to obtained the exosome-eluting absorbable stents. The surface conditions of the stents and absorption of exosomes were observed by scanning electron microscope and identified through the time-of-flight mass spectrometry; the roughness of the stents' surfaces was observed by atomic force microscope; the appearances and sizes of the stents were observed by stereomicroscope; and the radial force was tested by tensile test machine. The absorbable stents were used as control. The scanning electron microscope observation showed that the exosome-eluting absorbable stents had some small irregular cracks on the surface where many exosomes could be seen. The atomic force microscopy observation showed that within the range of 5 μm 2, the surface roughness of the absorbable stents was ±20 nm, while the surface roughness of the exosome-eluting absorbable stents was ±70 nm. In the results of time-of-flight mass spectrometry, both the exosome-eluting absorbable stents and exosomes had a peak at the mass charge ratio of 81 (m/z 81), while the absorbable stents did not have this peak. The peak of exosome-eluting absorbable stents at m/z 73 showed a significant decrease compared to the absorbable stents. The stereomicroscope observation showed that the sizes of exosome-eluting absorbable stents met standards and the surfaces had no cracks, burrs, or depressions. The radial force results of the exosome-eluting absorbable stents met the strength standards of the original absorbable stent. By applying the chemical connection method, the exosomes successfully loaded onto the absorbable stents. And the sizes and radial forces of this exosome-eluting absorbable stents meet the standards of the original absorbable stents.


    Chenchen Wang, Tianbo Li, Ruimin Guo, Qinghui Ji, Jiangning Wang, Yulin Cao. Research on the method of loading exosomes onto absorbable stents]. Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery. 2024 Feb 15;38(2):206-210

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    PMID: 38385234

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