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To establish a graded method to avoid mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) threshold of HLA Class I antibodies corresponding antigen, and the HLAMatchmaker program has been used to select the minimum mismatch value of donor-patient epitopes. Evaluate the application value of combining both methods in selecting HLA compatible platelets (PTL) for patients with immune platelet transfusion failure (IPTR) in improving platelet the corrected count increment (CCI). A total 7 807 PLT cross-matching compatible were performed by the solid-phase red cell adherence (SPRCA) method for 51 IPTR patients. The Luminex single antigen flow cytometry was used to detect HLA Class I antibodies in patients, and detected the MFI value for different specificity antigens of HLA Class I antibodies, was graded into strong positive group (MFI>4 000, level 1), medium positive group (1 000< MFI≤4 000, 2), weak positive group (500< MFI≤1 000, 3), and one negative control group (MFI≤500). The results of 7 807 SPRCA their negative/positive reaction wells were enrolled and statistically analyzed in different grades and the four groups, the statistical differences between the four groups were compared. Multiple applications for the select HLA Class I compatible donor events were made for patients in two cases, and HLAMatchmaker program was used to calculate the number of HLA Class I epitopes mismatches between the donors and patients. The donor with the minimum number of epitopes mismatches was selected, while avoiding the corresponding antigens of HLA Class I antibodies in levels 1 and 2, the provision of HLA compatible platelets for IPTR. After the transfusions, the CCI value of the platelet transfusion efficacy evaluation index was calculated, and the clinical evaluation of the transfusion effect was obtained through statistical analysis. There were statistically significant differences in the positive results of SPRCA immunoassay among the strong positive group, medium positive group, and weak positive group of 51 IPTR patients with different specific of HLA -I class antibodies and corresponding antigens(all P <0.001). The positive results showed a range from high to low, with strong positive group>medium positive group>weak positive group. There were a statistical difference among between the strongly positive or moderately positive groups and the negative control group(P <0.001). There was no statistical difference between the weakly positive group and the negative control group(P >0.05). The strong positive group was set as the corresponding specific HLA Class I site corresponding antigen grade 1 avoidance threshold, the medium positive group as the grade 2 avoidance thresholds, and the weak positive group as the grade 3 avoidance threshold. In the case of donor platelet shortage, it is not necessary to avoid the weak positive group. Avoiding the strategy of donor antigens and HLAMatchmaker program scores ≤7 corresponding to HLA Class I antibodies of levels 1 and 2, with CCI values>4.5×109/L within 24 hours, can obtain effective clinical platelet transfusion conclusions. When selecting HLA Class I compatible donors for IPTR patients, the grading avoids HLA Class I antibodies corresponding to donor antigens, and the donor selection strategy with the minimum scores of HLAMatchmaker program is comprehensively selected. The negative result confirmed by platelet cross-matching experiments has certain practical application value for improving platelet count in IPTR patients.

Citation

Su-Qing Gao, Yun-Ping Xu, Chang-Ru Luo, Da-Cheng Li, Long Pen, Tong Liu, Qiong-Cai Zou. Establish a Graded Method to Avoid HLA Class I Antibodies Corresponding Antigen and Combining HLAMatchmaker Application in Improving the CCI Value after Platelet Transfusion for Patients with IPTR]. Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi. 2024 Feb;32(1):242-249

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PMID: 38387929

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