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    Brachydactyly type E (BDE) is a general term characterized by variable shortening of metacarpals and metatarsals, with phalanges affected frequently. It can occur as an isolated form or part of syndromes and manifest a high degree of phenotypic variability. In this study, we have identified the clinical characteristics and pathogenic causes of a four-generation pedigree with 10 members affected by BDE and short stature. After the informed consent was signed, clinical data and peripheral blood samples were collected from available family members. Karyotype analysis, array-CGH, next-generation sequencing, and Sanger sequencing were employed to identity the pathogenic candidate gene. No translocation or microdeletion/duplication was found in karyotype analysis and array-CGH; hence, a novel heterozygous mutation, c.146dupA. p.S50Vfs*22, was detected by next-generation sequencing in PTHLH gene, leading to a premature stop codon. Subsequently, the mutation was confirmed by Sanger sequencing and co-segregation analysis. In this study, we described a novel heterozygous mutation (c.146dupA. p.S50Vfs*22) of gene PTHLH in a Chinese family. The mutation could induce a premature stop codon leading to a truncation of the protein. Our study broadened the mutation spectrum of PTHLH in BDE. © 2024 The Authors. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.


    Jian Sun, Nian Yang, Zhengquan Xu, Hongbo Cheng, Xiangxin Zhang. A novel heterozygous mutation in PTHLH causing autosomal dominant brachydactyly type E complicated with short stature. Molecular genetics & genomic medicine. 2024 Feb;12(2):e2393

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    PMID: 38407575

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