Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • contrast agent (6)
  • dioxygen (1)
  • liver (6)
  • mice (3)
  • redox (1)
  • research (1)
  • tempo (12)
  • tobacco mosaic virus (2)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Superoxide, an anionic dioxygen molecule, plays a crucial role in redox regulation within the body but is implicated in various pathological conditions when produced excessively. Efforts to develop superoxide detection strategies have led to the exploration of organic-based contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study compares the effectiveness of two such agents, nTMV-TEMPO and kTMV-TEMPO, for detecting superoxide in a mouse liver model with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation. The study demonstrates that kTMV-TEMPO, with a strategically positioned lysine residue for TEMPO attachment, outperforms nTMV-TEMPO as an MRI contrast agent. The enhanced sensitivity of kTMV-TEMPO is attributed to its more exposed TEMPO attachment site, facilitating stronger interactions with water protons and superoxide radicals. EPR kinetics experiments confirm kTMV-TEMPO's faster oxidation and reduction rates, making it a promising sensor for superoxide in inflamed liver tissue. In vivo experiments using healthy and LPS-induced inflamed mice reveal that reduced kTMV-TEMPO remains MRI-inactive in healthy mice but becomes MRI-active in inflamed livers. The contrast enhancement in inflamed livers is substantial, validating the potential of kTMV-TEMPO for detecting superoxide in vivo. This research underscores the importance of optimizing contrast agents for in vivo imaging applications. The enhanced sensitivity and biocompatibility of kTMV-TEMPO make it a promising candidate for further studies in the realm of medical imaging, particularly in the context of monitoring oxidative stress-related diseases.


    Jenica L Lumata, Laurel M Hagge, Miguel A Gaspar, Ikeda Trashi, Ryanne N Ehrman, Shailendra Koirala, Alyssa C Chiev, Yalini H Wijesundara, Cary B Darwin, Salvador Pena, Xiaodong Wen, Janaka Wansapura, Steven O Nielsen, Zoltan Kovacs, Lloyd L Lumata, Jeremiah J Gassensmith. TEMPO-conjugated tobacco mosaic virus as a magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent for detection of superoxide production in the inflamed liver. Journal of materials chemistry. B. 2024 Mar 27;12(13):3273-3281

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 38469725

    View Full Text