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The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of rat housing conditions-standard conditions, social isolation, environmental enrichment-and the subsequent reversal of these conditions on the vulnerability of the gastric mucosa to ulcerogenic stimuli, somatic pain sensitivity, and treadmill work capacity. Rats, aged 30 days, were placed in standard conditions (SC), social isolation (Is), and environmental enrichment (EE) for 4 weeks. Then half of each group underwent a reversal of housing conditions: SC rats were moved to Is, Is rats were placed in EE, EE rats were moved to Is, for 2 weeks. The other half served as a control with no change in their initial housing. Two weeks after the reversal, vulnerability of the gastric mucosa to ulcerogenic action of indomethacin (IM, 35 mg/kg, sc), somatic pain sensitivity (hot plate test), and work capacity (measured by the running distance on a treadmill) were assessed in control and reversed groups. Social isolation induced a proulcerogenic effect, increasing IM-induced gastric erosions, which was effectively reversed when rats were transferred to an environmental enrichment. Conversely, transferring rats from an environmental enrichment to social isolation exacerbated ulcerogenic action of IM. Somatic pain sensitivity and treadmill work capacity were also influenced by housing conditions, with environmental enrichment showing positive effects. The present findings show that social isolation of rats induces a proulcerogenic effect. Environmental enrichment reverses proulcerogenic action of social isolation on the gastric mucosa and increases resilience to pain stimuli and treadmill work capacity. © 2024. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Citation

Ludmila P Filaretova, Olga P Komkova, Olga Yu Morozova, Polina V Punina, Natalia I Yarushkina. Environmental enrichment reverses proulcerogenic action of social isolation on the gastric mucosa and positively influences pain sensitivity and work capacity. Inflammopharmacology. 2024 Apr;32(2):909-915

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PMID: 38492182

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