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Tooth development is a complex process involving various signaling pathways and genes. Recent findings suggest that ion channels and transporters, including the S100 family of calcium-binding proteins, may be involved in tooth formation. However, our knowledge in this regard is limited. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the expression of S100 family members and their functions during tooth formation. Tooth germs were extracted from the embryonic and post-natal mice and the expression of S100a6 was examined. Additionally, the effects of S100a6 knockdown and calcium treatment on S100a6 expression and the proliferation of SF2 cells were examined. Microarrays and single-cell RNA-sequencing indicated that S100a6 was highly expressed in ameloblasts. Immunostaining of mouse tooth germs showed that S100a6 was expressed in ameloblasts but not in the undifferentiated dental epithelium. Additionally, S100a6 was localized to the calcification-forming side in enamel-forming ameloblasts. Moreover, siRNA-mediated S100a6 knockdown in ameloblasts reduced intracellular calcium concentration and the expression of ameloblast marker genes, indicating that S100a6 is associated with ameloblast differentiation. Furthermore, S100a6 knockdown inhibited the ERK/PI3K signaling pathway, suppressed ameloblast proliferation, and promoted the differentiation of the dental epithelium toward epidermal lineage. Conclusively, S100a6 knockdown in the dental epithelium suppresses cell proliferation via calcium and intracellular signaling and promotes differentiation of the dental epithelium toward the epidermal lineage. © 2024 The Authors. The FASEB Journal published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.

Citation

Shinji Otake, Kan Saito, Yuta Chiba, Aya Yamada, Satoshi Fukumoto. S100a6 knockdown promotes the differentiation of dental epithelial cells toward the epidermal lineage instead of the odontogenic lineage. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2024 Apr 15;38(7):e23608

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PMID: 38593315

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