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To explore the feasibility of establishing combat readiness blood bank with low titer group O whole blood and group A plasma. The Galileo automatic blood analyzer was used to detect the titers of IgM anti-A and anti-B antibodies in the samples of group O blood donors and IgM anti-B titer in the samples of group A blood donors. Group O blood donors with antibody titers below 128 were selected and included in the mobile blood bank for combat readiness, group A plasma with anti-B titer lower than 128 and group O whole blood with antibody titers below 128 were included in the combat readiness entity blood bank. A total of 1 452 group O blood donors were selected, and the anti-A/B antibody titers were detected. Both antibody titers were distributed below 512, and both peak values of sample distribution were at titer 4. The proportion of samples with titers>128 for both antibodies was relatively low. There was a significant positive correlation between the titers of the two antibodies (r =0.383), and the proportion of samples with IgM anti-A titer higher than IgM anti-B titer was relatively high. 1 335(91.94%) group O blood donors with IgM anti-A and anti-B antibody titers <128 could be included in the mobile blood bank. The anti-B titer of group A blood was detected in 512 cases and the results showed that as the antibody titer increased, the proportion of blood donors gradually decreased. 99.8% of group A blood donors had anti-B antibody titer less than 128, and only one case did not meet the inclusion criteria. The proportion of group O blood donors whose whole blood meet the low antibody titer standard is high, and almost all plasma of group A blood donors meet the low titer standard, which improves the blood supply rate in emergencies.

Citation

Yuan-Yua Luo, Chun-Ya Ma, Li Liu, Li-Hui Fu, Meng Yi, Yang Yu. Feasibility Analysis of Establishing Combat Readiness Blood Bank Based on Low Titer Group O Whole Blood and Group A Plasma]. Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi. 2024 Apr;32(2):541-545

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PMID: 38660864

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