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    Various immune mediators have a role in the progression of periodontitis. Placental Growth Factor (PLGF) is important during pregnancy and also is involved in the pathology of several diseases. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate salivary PLGF in health and periodontitis that seemingly has not been reported earlier. Fifty participants were grouped as healthy and periodontitis patients. Clinical history, periodontal parameters [Plaque Index (PI), Gingival Index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), bleeding on probing (BoP)] were recorded; saliva was collected and PLGF was estimated using a commercially available ELISA kit. The data were statistically analyzed using Shapiro-Wilk's test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Dunn's post hoc test with Bonferroni correction, and Spearman's rank-order correlation coefficient. The significance level was set at p ≤ 0.05 for all tests. Salivary PLGF levels comparison between the two groups showed no significant difference between both groups. Quantitatively, females had higher salivary PLGF levels than males. No significant association was observed between salivary PLGF levels and the severity of periodontitis. The periodontitis group showed statistically significant correlations between salivary PLGF levels, BoP(p = 0.005) and PPD(p = 0.005), and significant correlations of PLGF with PPD (p = 0.035) for both groups. PLGF can be detected and measured in the saliva of healthy individuals and periodontitis patients. However, the role of PLGF in periodontal pathology needs to be further confirmed based on their salivary levels. © 2024. The Author(s).

    Citation

    Maryam Humaid Aljarwan Alshamsi, Aghila Rani Koippallil Gopalakrishnan, Betul Rahman, Anirudh B Acharya. Evaluation of salivary placental growth factor in Health and Periodontitis. BMC oral health. 2024 Apr 26;24(1):493

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    PMID: 38671416

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